Transformation of historic hospital to dwellings in Palmanova, Italy
The hospital building, currently abandoned, was built in the early 1900s. It had been extended, changed and refurbished several times up to 1995. It was definitively closed in 1999 due to problems of compliance with structural and functional requirements. Total gross area and volume are respectively: 13.900 m2 and 35.900 m3. A significant part of this will be transformed into dwellings.
Deep renovation will include the restoration of the historical parts of the building, corresponding to 8.500 m3 and the demolition and replacement of the damaged and degraded volumes, corresponding to 27.400 m3. The historic part of the building is made from brick walls, concrete not insulated floors and wooden pitched roof; the restoration project will maintain the existing technologies aiming to improve their energy performances. The new constructions will explore prefab products, components, and technologies for achieving the best performance in terms of energy, cost and time saving. MEP and HVAC systems (Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing/ Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) with higher-level of energy efficiency powered by renewable sources (photovoltaic panels on the roofs) will be installed both in the renovated and in the new parts of the building.